Compression machines are used in pharma industries for manufacturing tablets by compressing powders or granules using a specific tooling.
Tablet compression machine has different components that play an important role during tablet compression but in this article we will only discuss initial component of tablet compression machine which is known as hopper. If you want to read all components in dedetailead following article,
Components Of Tablet Compression MachineÂ
Image Credit
Image Source – Google  Image By – NATOLI
Compression Machine Hopper Whenever we want to compress any product, the first part of the compression machine which comes in direct contact with the product is the hopper of the compression machine.Hopper of compression machines act as a storage medium or reservoir where powder or granules are added & delivered to the dies by feeding system of compression machine.
Material Of Construction
As we discussed earlier the hopper comes in direct contact with the product so it is made of stainless steel grade 316L.
Capacity Of HopperÂ
Really we are talking about the capacity of hoppers?Many of us never think about it because this concept is not very common.
Not many of us in pharma discuss hoppers, as it is just a storage medium for a compression machine but to understand its capacity is as important as the capacity of the compression machine itself.
Facts About Hopper Capacity
Most of the people when talking about a hopper they take its capacity in kilograms even the operator said it is a 7 kilogram hopper or it is a 10 kilogram hopper etc but reality is opposite to kilograms.
The capacity of compression machine hoppers means how much powder can be added in a hopper depends on the volume of the hopper so it is calculated in terms ofÂ liters not in kilograms.
Whenever you will read the manual of a compression machine it will clearly mention the hopper capacity in liters like 16 liters ,20 liters etc.
How To Measure Hopper Capacity
Now we are familiar that hopper capacity is in litter but the question isÂ
 How to calculate or verify the volume in liters if you have no compression machine manual
Or

 How can we calculate the amount of powder added in hoppers in kilograms from litters?
Procedure
Suppose we have a compression machine & we don’t have its URS or manual & we want to calculate the capacity of its hopper.
Follow the following steps

 Remove the hopper from the compression machine.

 Close the bottom butterfly valve tightly.

 If the hopper does not have a butterfly valve,close the lower side tightly with tape.

 Add a measured quantity of water in the hopper using a jar or beaker.

 Ensure there should be no leakage of water from the lower side.

 Fill the hopper with water till it’s Brimful capacity & note down the volume of water added into it.

 Suppose 16 liter water is added in the hopper so the capacity of that hopper will be 16 liter.Â
As we have calculated the capacity in liters now it will help us to measure powder added into hoppers in kilograms.For this we will have to measure the bulk density of that product.
How To Calculate In Kilograms?
If you don’t know how to calculate the bulk density of a product read following article,
Blender Capacity & Bulk Density Calculation
Example #1
Suppose we have a product with bulk density 0.5 g/ml & our hopper capacity is 16 liters.
Use following formula to calculate hopper capacity in kilograms for the product having bulk density 0.5 g/ml

 Volume of hopper (liter) Ã— Bulk density of productÂ
Add values

 16 liter Ã— 0.5 g/ml = 8.0 kg
The answer is 8.0 kilograms.
Meaning we can add 8.0 kilograms of that material whose bulk density will be 0.5 g/ml.
Example #2
Suppose, again we have a product with bulk density 0.75 g/ml &Â hopper capacity is 16 liters.
The amount in kilograms will be

 Volume of hopper (liter) Ã— Bulk density of productÂ
Add values

 16 liter Ã— 0.75 g/ml = 12 kg
The answer is 12.0 kilograms.
Meaning we can add 12.0 kilograms of a product having bulk density of 0.75 g/ml.
Conclusion
The capacity of a compression machine hopper is calculated in liters not in kilograms because products with different bulk densities will occupy different volume in the hopper.
The capacity of same hopper will be less in kilograms for those products which are lighter with low bulk density & will be high for denser products as in above example the product with 0.75 g/ml bulk density is denser so we canÂ add maximum of 12 kilograms of that product in hopper whereas we can only add 8 kilograms of the lighter product having 0.5 g/ bulk density.
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