Ascorbic Acid|Vitamin C

Ascorbic acid is one of the most important vitamins which is not only important for human health but is also used in different pharmaceutical products as an antioxidant and therapeutic agent.

Other Name Of Ascorbic Acid

Following are other names of ascorbic acid

  • Vitamin C 
  • Cevitamic Acid
  • Enol Form

Vitamin C 

  • Vitamin C is a natural vitamin and it is water soluble.
  • Another name of Vitamin C is Ascorbic acid.
  • Vitamin C is present in citrus fruits.
  • Synthetically vitamin C or ascorbic acid is produced by hydrogenation of D glucose.
  • Human body can not produce vitamin c so it is necessary to take vitamin c naturally or by dietary supplements.
  • Vitamin C is also known as an anti-aging vitamin or orange vitamin.

Appearance Of Ascorbic Acid/Vitamin C

  • Ascorbic acid occurs as white to light yellow color powder or in crystal forms.
  • Ascorbic acid is odourless and has an acidic taste.
  • Ascorbic acid is a non-hygroscopic material.
  • Its color appears as dark.when it comes in contact with the light.

Ascorbic Acid in Pharmaceutical Products

  • Ascorbic acid is used in pharmaceutical formulations to adjust the pH of liquid formulation especially in injection formulations.
  • It is also used as an antioxidant.

Concentration Used.

  • Ascorbic acid is used in 0.01 to 0.1 % Concentration.

Antioxidants Definition

  • Antioxidants are substances which are very useful for the human body and prevent various types of cell damage.
  • The type of substances which fight with free radicals present in the human body.
  • Antioxidants can also be defined as these are the substances which prevent a chemical reaction known as oxidation and this oxidation reaction may be very harmful because it can produce free radicals.

Different Examples Of Antioxidants

Main example of  anti-oxidant is ascorbic acid or Vitamin C.

Other naturally occurring Antioxidant vitamin are as follow

  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamin E


Ascorbic Acid in powder form is stable in air but in aqueous solution it is unstable when it comes in contact with air.


Ascorbic acid should be stored in well closed containers.

For Storage of Ascorbic Acid Non Metallic containers should be used.


Ascorbic Acid is incompatible with following

  • Heavy metal ions (Iron and copper)
  • Oxidizing Material.
  • Salicylamide
  • Sodium Nitrite

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